Development and Reform Commission approved the 43 city rail transit project with Su Xichang Xu Tong-pp点点通2006

Development and Reform Commission approved 43 urban rail transit projects, including Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, Xu Tong, the past two years, China’s urban rail transit development is very rapid. In September 14th, the national development and Reform Commission held a news conference on the national development and Reform Commission spokesman Zhao Chenxin said, the NDRC recently approved the planning and construction of city rail transit 43 city about 8600 kilometers, is currently in the construction of more than 3000 kilometers of mileage. Zhao Chenxin acknowledged that the average cost of urban rail transit construction reached about 700 million yuan per kilometer, leading to the entire industry is facing enormous financial pressure. At present, the main sources of urban rail transit construction funds are government financial funds and indirect financing, and the operation mainly relies on financial subsidies." Zhao Chenxin said, this brings great financial pressure to the local government. The national development and Reform Commission deputy director Hu Zucai recently also in Beijing city rail transit financing mechanism innovation seminar said that as of now, the national rail transportation planning and construction of 43 city approved, planning a total mileage of about 8600 km. Urban rail transit average investment per kilometer 700 million yuan, according to the plan, the annual investment of more than 300 billion yuan. It shows that China’s urban rail transit investment and financing innovation space is huge. From February to September this year, the national development and Reform Commission has approved the planning and construction of city rail transit in Wuhu, Guiyang, Luoyang, Baotou 7 city, the total line length were 284, 260, 235, 102 kilometers, and approved the adjustment plan for Xi’an, Qingdao, after the adjustment of the total length of 181.7 kilometers and 243.2 respectively. 43 city rail transit construction projects approved by the NDRC recently, including Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing 4 municipalities; Shenzhen, Xiamen, Ningbo, Qingdao, Dalian 5 municipalities; most of the capital city; the larger population size of the city Suzhou, Dongguan, Foshan, Wuxi, Changzhou, Xuzhou, Nantong, Wuhu, Luoyang, Baotou and other economic. This series of signs shows that the construction of urban rail transit is spreading to the two or three line cities. With the rapid development of urban rail transit, the capital pressure of construction and operation and maintenance will increase continuously. In order to revitalize the urban rail transit resources, it is necessary to learn from the international advanced experience and increase the policy support. Hu Zucai affirmed the effective practices of Hongkong, Beijing, Shanghai and other cities in the investment and financing mechanism. One is "track + property", "track + community", "track + town" comprehensive development model. The model mainly tracks the value-added benefits brought by rail transit construction, and feeds back the rail transit construction through appropriate development methods. Hongkong Metro revenue, ticket revenue accounted for about 14%, property development and other overflow revenue accounted for most of the. Two is the PPP mode, the government departments in the great efforts to guide social capital, participate in the construction of rail transportation. Domestic rail transit PPP project is typical of Beijing Metro Line 4. According to the PPP comprehensive information platform issued by the Ministry of Finance in March, the investment of rail transportation is nearly 1 trillion yuan, accounting for 12% of the total investment of the platform project. Thus, the "13th Five-Year" period, the construction of domestic rail transportation will be more with the power of PPP. Three, through the issuance of bonds, asset securitization, industrial funds, financial leasing, to the territory.

发改委批复43个城市轨道交通项目 含苏锡常徐通这两年,中国的城市轨道交通发展非常迅速。9月14日,国家发改委召开新闻发布会,会上国家发改委新闻发言人赵辰昕透露,发改委最近批复了43个城市约8600公里的城市轨道交通建设规划,目前在建的里程超过3000公里。赵辰昕承认,城市轨道交通建设成本平均每公里达到了7亿元左右,导致整个行业都面临着巨大的资金压力。“当前,城市轨道交通建设资金主要来源是政府财政资金和间接融资,运营主要靠财政补贴。”赵辰昕说,这给地方政府带来巨大的财政压力。国家发改委副主任胡祖才日前也在北京城市轨道交通投融资机制创新研讨会上表示,截至目前,全国有43个城市的轨道交通建设规划获得批复,规划总里程约8600公里。城市轨道交通平均每公里投资7亿元,按照规划测算,一年投资超过3000亿元。说明我国城市轨道交通投融资创新空间巨大。今年2月至9月,国家发改委先后批复了芜湖、贵阳、洛阳、包头等7个城市的城市轨道交通建设规划,线路总长度分别为284、260、235、102公里,并批复了西安、青岛的规划调整方案,调整后总长度分别为243.2和181.7公里。发改委新近批复的43个城市轨道交通建设方案,包括北京、上海、天津和重庆4个直辖市;深圳、厦门、宁波、青岛、大连5个计划单列市;大部分的省会城市;苏州、东莞、佛山、无锡、常州、徐州、南通、芜湖、洛阳、包头等经济、人口规模较大的城市。这一系列迹象说明,城市轨道交通建设正在向二三线城市蔓延。随着城市轨道交通快速发展,建设和运营、维护的资金压力将不断增大。为盘活城轨交通资源,需借鉴国际先进经验,加大政策扶持力度。胡祖才肯定了香港、北京、上海等城市在投融资机制方面的有效做法。一是“轨道+物业”、“轨道+社区”、“轨道+小镇”的综合开发模式。该模式主要是把轨道交通建设带来的沿线增值效益,通过适当的开发方式反哺轨道交通建设。香港地铁收益中,票务收入约占14%,物业开发等其他的溢出收入占了大部分。二是PPP模式,政府部门在大力度引导社会资本,参与轨道交通建设。国内轨交PPP项目比较典型的有北京地铁4号线。根据财政部发布的PPP综合信息平台3月份的数据显示,轨道交通的投资近1万亿元,占平台项目总投资的12%。由此可见,“十三五”期间,国内轨道交通的建设将更多地借助PPP的力量。三是通过发行债券、资产证券化、产业基金、融资租赁,到境外发债的多元化筹资的方式。杭州、贵阳、南昌等城市采用了第三种模式。华创证券研报分析,中国将在未来3-4年再建一个与过去50年相同通车规模的城轨市场。预计“十三五”期间城市轨道交通投资额有望超过2万亿元。城市轨道建设、运营期间,产业链内依次受益。前1-2年是路基工程、桥涵工程及轨道工程等基础设施建设;接着是电气化工程和信息化工程等配套设施;车辆采购环节处于产业链的中后段,投资约占全部轨交建设投资的12%-15%左右,预计到2020年新增城市轨道交通车辆需求约4万辆,对应的车辆采购环节的投资额大致在2400-3000亿元;城轨运营和维护的最后环节,轨交运营、耗材零部件、易损设备等企业将持续受益,重载扶梯市场规模约为186.66亿元,车辆零部件增量市场需求约730亿元,后市场需求约650亿元。相关的主题文章: